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TRAVEL ADVENTURES    .    .   

        COASTING with BONNIE CARROLL

STEELHEAD DINER PIKE PLACE MARKET

Hot Eatery Owned and Operated by Kevin and Terresa Davis

by Bonnie Carroll

Steelhead Diner Culinary Team

When in Seattle visiting the Pike Place Market the dining experience not to be missed is happening at the Steelhead Diner, located a few steps from the entrance to the iconic city market. The large second floor restaurant offers great views of the market and the hub of activity on the street below.

People sit at tables of a variety of sizes or at the bar with a view of the kitchen, watching the fantastic plates coming out. Chef de cuisine at Steelhead Diner is Anthony Polizzi and the sous chef is Mark Petersen who both contribute to some amazing culinary surprises. An amazing starter cocktail called Wicked Olympic Witch made of mulched cucumber, mint, lime, and agave combined with tequila and dry cucumber soda provided a delicious green beginning to our heart for the city luncheon adventure.

Wicked Olympic Witch Cocktail

A bevy of dishes will please the taste of every visitor and include flavors from Asia, Italy, Alaska, Scotland, New York, New Orleans, France, Mexico, Canada and the Mediteranean all complimented with wines from the great pacific northwest; nothing south of Oregon – nothing east of Idaho. According to the barman two of the most popular wines are Browne Family Cabernet Sauvignon, Columbia Valley and Cedar Green Cellars Sauvignon Blanc, Columbia Valley.

Dungeness Crab Tater Tots -- Crispy Chicken Spring Rolls

Starter favorites included crispy chicken spring rolls with green papaya salad & whirred ginger vinaigrette and Dungeness crab & bay shrimp tater tots with tiger sauce and celery leaf salad. Loved the golden beet & watercress salad as well as an unusual chicken & Andouille sausage gumbo with Cajun Trinity and long grain rice or their famous chowder. The Pike Kilt Lifter fish & chips special was amazing as was the grilled Alaskan Troll king salmon with creamy hominy polenta, port soaked Chukar cherries & smokey almond-rosemary brown butter sauce. This salmon dish is possibly the best I've ever experienced anywhere in my life, I'm still dreaming about it. The side dishes were unusual and featured garlic wilted collard greens, and a poutine of melted cheese curds & brown gravy that reminded me of one I've enjoyed in Mont Tremblant, Quebec.

Alaskan Troll King Salmon Plate

The sweet nothings desserts included an amazing Theo chocolate pecan pie with bourbon chantilly crème and an autumn spiced cheesecake with port roasted figs and port syrup and more that were all sensational. The open kitchen provided not only an opportunity to watch everything being prepared, but also to say a personal goodbye and thank you to the hard working team of chefs when leaving the busy venue. This popular eatery is obviously always packed so it might be wise to make a reservation.

Steelhead Diner

95 Pine Street

Pike Place Market

Seattle, Washington 98101

(206) 625-0129

www.steelheaddiner.com

____________________________________________

See full story coverage in January 1 Issue of Life Bites News

____________________________________________

WORLD TRAVEL NEWS ---- WHAT'S HAPPENING WITH IRELAND? BREXIT IS A GO - WHAT NOW!

November 25th it was announced on the BBC that Brexit is a go. Below is the latest information on Brexit published. The outcome of this is of great interest to all with a vested interest or emotional commitment to the total wellbeing of Ireland and her people. How this turns will affect travelers and travel writers visiting Ireland, and is feared to be a step backwards for England and Ireland.

The full text of the chapter of the Brexit agreement that relates to the
 Six Counties (pages 302 to 327) from the draft document which was
  recently released. 'The Union' refers to the European Union.
 ------------------------------------------------------------------------

 PROTOCOL ON IRELAND/NORTHERN IRELAND

 The Union and the United Kingdom,

 HAVING REGARD to the historic ties and enduring nature of the bilateral
 relationship between Ireland and the United Kingdom,

 RECALLING that the United Kingdom's withdrawal from the Union presents a
 significant and unique challenge to the island of Ireland, and
 reaffirming that the achievements, benefits and commitments of the peace
 process will remain of paramount importance to peace, stability and
 reconciliation there,

 RECOGNISING that it is necessary to address the unique circumstances on
 the island of Ireland through a unique solution in order to ensure the
 orderly withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the Union,

 RECALLING that the Withdrawal Agreement, which is based on Article 50
 TEU, does not aim at establishing a permanent future relationship
 between the Union and the United Kingdom,

 RECALLING the Union's and the United Kingdom's intention to replace the
 backstop solution on Northern Ireland by a subsequent agreement that
 establishes alternative arrangements for ensuring the absence of a hard
 border on the island of Ireland on a permanent footing;

 HAVING REGARD to the Union and to the United Kingdom's common objective
 of a close future relationship, which will establish ambitious customs
 arrangements that build on the single customs territory provided for in
 this Protocol, in full respect of their respective legal orders,

 AFFIRMING that the Good Friday or Belfast Agreement of 10 April 1998
 between the Government of the United Kingdom, the Government of Ireland
 and the other participants in the multi-party negotiations (the "1998
 Agreement"), which is annexed to the British-Irish Agreement of the same
 date (the "British-Irish Agreement"), including its subsequent
 implementation agreements and arrangements, should be protected in all
 its parts,

 RECOGNISING that cooperation between Northern Ireland and Ireland is a
 central part of the 1998 Agreement and is essential for achieving
 reconciliation and the normalisation of relationships on the island of
 Ireland, and recalling the roles, functions and safeguards of the
 Northern Ireland Executive, the Northern Ireland Assembly, and the
 North-South Ministerial Council (including cross-community provisions),
 as set out in the 1998 Agreement,

 NOTING that Union law has provided a supporting framework to the
 provisions on Rights, Safeguards and Equality of Opportunity of the 1998
 Agreement,

 RECOGNISING that Irish citizens in Northern Ireland, by virtue of their
 Union citizenship, will continue to enjoy, exercise and have access to
 rights, opportunities and benefits, and that this Protocol should
 respect and be without prejudice to the rights, opportunities and
 identity that come with citizenship of the Union for the people of
 Northern Ireland who choose to assert their right to Irish citizenship
 as defined in Annex 2 of the British-Irish Agreement "Declaration on the
 Provisions of Paragraph (vi) of Article 1 in Relation to Citizenship",

 RECALLING the commitment of the United Kingdom to protect North-South
 cooperation and its guarantee of avoiding a hard border, including any
 physical infrastructure or related checks and controls, and bearing in
 mind that any future arrangements must be compatible with these
 overarching requirements,

 NOTING that nothing in this Protocol prevents the United Kingdom from
 ensuring unfettered market access for goods moving from Northern Ireland
 to the rest of the United Kingdom's internal market,

 UNDERLINING the parties' shared aim of avoiding, to the extent possible
 in accordance with applicable legislation and taking into account their
 respective regulatory regimes as well as their implementation, controls
 at the ports and airports of Northern Ireland,

 RECALLING that the Joint Report from the negotiators of the European
 Union and the United Kingdom Government on progress during phase 1 of
 negotiations under Article 50 TEU on the United Kingdom's orderly
 withdrawal from the European Union of 8 December 2017 outlines three
 different scenarios for protecting North-South cooperation and avoiding
 a hard border, but that this Protocol is based on the third scenario of
 maintaining full alignment with those rules of the Union's internal
 market and the customs union which, now or in the future, support
 North-South cooperation, the all-island economy and the protection of
 the 1998 Agreement, to apply unless and until an alternative arrangement
 implementing another scenario is agreed,

 NOTING that, in accordance with Article 132 of the Withdrawal Agreement,
 the transition period may be extended by mutual consent,

 RECALLING that the two Parties have carried out a mapping exercise,
 which shows that North-South cooperation relies to a significant extent
 on a common European Union legal and policy framework,

 NOTING that therefore the United Kingdom's departure from the European
 Union gives rise to substantial challenges to the maintenance and
 development of North-South cooperation,

 RECALLING that the United Kingdom remains committed to protecting and
 supporting continued North-South and East-West cooperation across the
 full range of political, economic, security, societal and agricultural
 contexts and frameworks of cooperation, including the continued
 operation of the North-South implementation bodies,

 ACKNOWLEDGING the need for this Protocol to be implemented so as to
 maintain the necessary conditions for continued North-South cooperation,
 including for possible new arrangements in accordance with the 1998
 Agreement,

 RECALLING the Union and the United Kingdom's commitments to the North
 South PEACE and INTERREG funding programmes under the current
 multi-annual financial framework and to the maintaining of the current
 funding proportions for the future programme,

 AFFIRMING the commitment of the United Kingdom to facilitate the
 efficient and timely transit through its territory of goods moving from
 Ireland to another Member State or another third country, or vice versa,

 DETERMINED that the application of this Protocol should impact as little
 as possible on the everyday life of communities both in Ireland and
 Northern Ireland,

 MINDFUL that the rights and obligations of Ireland under the rules of
 the Union's internal market and customs union must be fully respected,

 HAVE AGREED UPON the following provisions, which shall be annexed to the
 Agreement on the withdrawal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and
 Northern Ireland from the European Union and the European Atomic Energy
 Community ("Withdrawal Agreement"):

 ARTICLE 1

 Objectives and relationship to subsequent agreement

 1. This Protocol is without prejudice to the provisions of the 1998
 Agreement regarding the constitutional status of Northern Ireland and
 the principle of consent, which provides that any change in that status
 can only be made with the consent of a majority of its people.

 2. This Protocol respects the essential State functions and territorial
 integrity of the United Kingdom.

 3. This Protocol sets out arrangements necessary to address the unique
 circumstances on the island of Ireland, maintain the necessary
 conditions for continued North-South cooperation, avoid a hard border
 and protect the 1998 Agreement in all its dimensions.

 4. The objective of the Withdrawal Agreement is not to establish a
 permanent relationship between the Union and the United Kingdom. The
 provisions of this Protocol are therefore intended to apply only
 temporarily, taking into account the commitments of the Parties set out
 in Article 2(1). The provisions of this Protocol shall apply unless and
 until they are superseded, in whole or in part, by a subsequent
 agreement.

 ARTICLE 2

 Subsequent agreement

 1. The Union and the United Kingdom shall use their best endeavours to
 conclude, by 31 December 2020, an agreement which supersedes this
 Protocol in whole or in part.

 2. Any subsequent agreement between the Union and the United Kingdom
 shall indicate the parts of this Protocol which it supersedes. Once a
 subsequent agreement between the Union and the United Kingdom becomes
 applicable after the entry into force of the Withdrawal Agreement, this
 Protocol shall then, from the date of application of such subsequent
 agreement and in accordance with the provisions of that agreement
 setting out the effect of that agreement on this Protocol, not apply or
 shall cease to apply, as the case may be, in whole or in part,
 notwithstanding Article 20.

 ARTICLE 3

 Extension of the transition period

 The United Kingdom, having had regard to progress made towards
 conclusion of the agreement referred to in Articles 1(4) and 2(1) of
 this Protocol, may at any time before 1 July 2020 request the extension
 of the transition period referred to in Article 126 of the Withdrawal
 Agreement. If the United Kingdom makes such a request, the transition
 period may be extended in accordance with Article 132 of the Withdrawal
 Agreement.

 ARTICLE 4

 Rights of individuals

 1. The United Kingdom shall ensure that no diminution of rights,
 safeguards and equality of opportunity as set out in that part of the
 1998 Agreement entitled Rights, Safeguards and Equality of Opportunity
 results from its withdrawal from the Union, including in the area of
 protection against discrimination as enshrined in the provisions of
 Union law listed in Annex 1 to this Protocol, and shall implement this
 paragraph through dedicated mechanisms.

 2. The United Kingdom shall continue to facilitate the related work of
 the institutions and bodies set up pursuant to the 1998 Agreement,
 including the Northern Ireland Human Rights Commission, the Equality
 Commission for Northern Ireland and the Joint Committee of
 representatives of the Human Rights Commissions of Northern Ireland and
 Ireland, in upholding human rights and equality standards.

 ARTICLE 5

 Common Travel Area

 1. The United Kingdom and Ireland may continue to make arrangements
 between themselves relating to the movement of persons between their
 territories (the "Common Travel Area"), while fully respecting the
 rights of natural persons conferred by Union law.

 2. The United Kingdom shall ensure that the Common Travel Area and the
 associated rights and privileges can continue to apply without affecting
 the obligations of Ireland under Union law, in particular with respect
 to free movement for Union citizens and their family members,
 irrespective of their nationality, to, from and within Ireland.

 ARTICLE 6

 Single customs territory, movement of goods

 1. Until the future relationship becomes applicable, a single customs
 territory between the Union and the United Kingdom shall be established
 ("the single customs territory"). Accordingly, Northern Ireland is in
 the same customs territory as Great Britain.

 The single customs territory shall comprise:

 (a) the customs territory of the Union defined in Article 4 of
 Regulation (EU) No 952/2013; and

 (b) the customs territory of the United Kingdom.

 The rules set out in Annex 2 to this Protocol shall apply in respect of
 all trade in goods between the territories referred to in the second
 subparagraph, as well as, where so provided, between the single customs
 territory and third countries. With a view to ensuring the maintenance
 of the level playing field conditions required for the proper
 functioning of this paragraph, the provisions set out in Annex 4 to this
 Protocol shall apply. Where appropriate, the Joint Committee may modify
 Annex 4 in order to lay down higher standards for these level playing
 field conditions.

 The Joint Committee shall adopt before 1 July 2020 the detailed rules
 relating to trade in goods between the two parts of the single customs
 territory for the implementation of this paragraph. In the absence of
 such a decision adopted before 1 July 2020, Annex 3 shall apply.

 By derogation from the third subparagraph, fishery and aquaculture
 products, as set out in Annex I to Regulation (EU) 1379/2013 ("fishery
 and aquaculture products"), shall not be covered by the rules set out in
 Annexes 2 and 4, as well as the rules referred to in the fourth
 subparagraph, unless an agreement on access to waters and fishing
 opportunities is applicable between the Union and the United Kingdom. In
 accordance with Article 184 of the Withdrawal Agreement, the Union and
 the United Kingdom shall use their best endeavours to conclude and
 ratify such an agreement before 1 July 2020.

 The Joint Committee may adopt decisions amending Annex 3 to this
 Protocol, where such amendments are necessary for the proper functioning
 of this paragraph. Such decisions may not amend the essential elements
 of this Protocol or the Withdrawal Agreement.

 The second subparagraph of this paragraph is without prejudice to the
 specific arrangements set out in the Protocol relating to the Sovereign
 Base Areas of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
 in Cyprus.

 2. Legislation as defined in point (2) of Article 5 of Regulation (EU)
 No 952/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council shall apply to
 and in the United Kingdom in respect of Northern Ireland (not including
 the territorial waters of the United Kingdom). However, the Joint
 Committee shall establish the conditions, including in quantitative
 terms, under which certain fishery and aquaculture products brought into
 the customs territory of the Union defined in Article 4 of Regulation
 (EU) No 952/2013 by vessels flying the flag of the United Kingdom and
 registered in Northern Ireland are exempted from duties.

 The provisions of Union law listed in Annex 5 to this Protocol shall
 also apply, under the conditions set out therein, to and in the United
 Kingdom in respect of Northern Ireland.

 Articles 30 and 110 TFEU shall apply to and in the United Kingdom in
 respect of Northern Ireland.

 Quantitative restrictions on exports and imports shall be prohibited
 between the Union and Northern Ireland.

 ARTICLE 7

 Protection of the UK internal market

 1. Nothing in this Protocol shall prevent the United Kingdom from
 ensuring unfettered market access for goods moving from Northern Ireland
 to the rest of the United Kingdom's internal market.

 Provisions of Union law made applicable by this Protocol which prohibit
 or restrict the exportation of goods shall only be applied to trade
 between the territories referred to in Article 6(1) to the extent
 strictly required by any international obligations incumbent on the
 Union. The United Kingdom shall ensure the full protection of
 international requirements and commitments that are relevant to the
 prohibitions and restrictions of exportation of goods from the Union to
 third countries as set out in Union law.

 2. Having regard to Northern Ireland's integral place in the United
 Kingdom's internal market, the Union and the United Kingdom shall use
 their best endeavours to facilitate, in accordance with applicable
 legislation and taking into account their respective regulatory regimes
 as well as their implementation, the trade between the part of the
 territory of the United Kingdom to which Regulation (EU) No 952/2013
 applies by virtue of Article 6(2) and other parts of the territory of
 the United Kingdom. The Joint Committee shall keep under constant review
 the application of this paragraph and adopt appropriate recommendations
 with a view to avoiding, to the extent possible, controls at the ports
 and airports of Northern Ireland.

 3. Nothing in this Protocol shall prevent a product originating from
 Northern Ireland from being presented as originating from the United
 Kingdom when placed on the market in Great Britain.

 4. Nothing in this Protocol shall affect the law of the United Kingdom
 regulating the placing on the market in other parts of the United
 Kingdom of goods from Northern Ireland that conform with or benefit from
 technical regulations, assessments, registrations, certificates,
 approvals or authorisations governed by provisions of Union law referred
 to in Annex 5.

 ARTICLE 8

 Technical regulations, assessments, registrations, certificates,
 approvals and authorisations

 1. Without prejudice to the provisions of Union law referred to in Annex
 5, the lawfulness of placing goods on the market in Northern Ireland
 shall be governed by the law of the United Kingdom as well as, as
 regards goods imported from the Union, by Articles 34 and 36 TFEU.

 2. Where provisions of Union law made applicable by this Protocol
 provide for the indication of a Member State, including in abbreviated
 form, as markings, labelling, tags, or by any other means, the United
 Kingdom in respect of Northern Ireland shall be indicated as "UK(NI)" or
 "United Kingdom (Northern Ireland)". Where provisions of Union law made
 applicable by this Protocol provide for the indication in the form of a
 numeric code, the United Kingdom in respect of Northern Ireland shall be
 indicated with a distinguishable numeric code.

 3. By way of derogation from Article 15(1) of this Protocol and from
 Article 7 of the Withdrawal Agreement, in respect of the recognition in
 one Member State of technical regulations, assessments, registrations,
 certificates, approvals and authorisations issued by the authorities of
 another Member State, or by a body established in another Member State,
 references to Member States in provisions of Union law made applicable
 by this Protocol shall not be read as including the United Kingdom in
 respect of Northern Ireland as regards technical regulations,
 assessments, registrations, certificates, approvals and authorisations
 issued by the authorities of the United Kingdom or by bodies established
 in the United Kingdom.

 The first subparagraph shall not apply to registrations, certifications,
 approvals and authorisations of sites, installations or premises in
 Northern Ireland issued by competent authorities of the United Kingdom,
 where the registration, certification, approval or authorisation may
 require an inspection of the sites, installations or premises.

 The first subparagraph shall not apply to veterinary certificates, and
 official labels for plant reproductive material, required in provisions
 of Union law made applicable by this protocol.

 The first subparagraph is without prejudice to the validity, in Northern
 Ireland, of assessments, registrations, certificates, approvals and
 authorisations issued, on the basis of provisions of Union law made
 applicable by this Protocol, by the competent authorities of the United
 Kingdom or by bodies established in the United Kingdom. Any conformity
 marking, logo or similar required by the provisions of Union law made
 applicable by this Protocol which is affixed by economic operators based
 on the assessment, registration, certificate, approval or authorisation
 issued by competent authorities of the United Kingdom or by bodies
 established in the United Kingdom shall be accompanied by the indication
 "UK(NI)".

 The United Kingdom in respect of Northern Ireland may not initiate
 objection, safeguard or arbitration procedures provided for in
 provisions of Union law made applicable by this Protocol as far as these
 procedures concern the technical regulations, standards, assessments,
 registrations, certificates, approvals and authorisations issued by
 competent authorities of the Member State or by bodies established in
 Member States.

 The first subparagraph does not prevent the test and release by a
 qualified person in Northern Ireland of a batch of a medicinal product
 imported into or manufactured in Northern Ireland.

 ARTICLE 9

 VAT and excise The provisions of Union law listed in Annex 6 to this
 Protocol concerning goods shall apply to and in the United Kingdom in
 respect of Northern Ireland.

 The Joint Committee shall regularly discuss the implementation of this
 Article, and where appropriate, adopt the necessary measures for its
 proper application.

 ARTICLE 10

 Agriculture and environment

 The provisions of Union law listed in Annex 5 to this Protocol shall
 apply, under the conditions set out therein, to and in the United
 Kingdom in respect of Northern Ireland.

 ARTICLE 11

 Single electricity market The provisions of Union law governing
 wholesale electricity markets listed in Annex 7 to this Protocol shall
 apply, under the conditions set out therein, to and in the United
 Kingdom in respect

 of Northern Ireland.

 ARTICLE 12

 State aid

 1. The provisions of Union law listed in Annex 8 to this Protocol shall
 apply to the United Kingdom, including with regard to measures
 supporting the production of and trade in agricultural products in
 Northern Ireland, in respect of measures that affect that trade between
 the part of the territory of the United Kingdom to which Regulation (EU)
 No 952/2013 applies by virtue of Article 6(2) of this Protocol and the
 Union which is subject to this Protocol.

 2. Notwithstanding paragraph 1, the provisions of Union law referred to
 in that paragraph shall not apply with respect to measures taken by the
 United Kingdom authorities supporting the production of and trade in
 agricultural products in Northern Ireland up to a determined maximum
 overall annual level of support, and provided that a determined minimum
 percentage of that exempted support complies with the provisions of
 Annex 2 to the WTO Agreement on Agriculture.

 The determination of the maximum exempted overall annual level of
 support and the minimum percentage shall be governed by the procedures
 set out in Annex 9.

 3. Where the European Commission examines information regarding a
 measure by the United Kingdom authorities that may constitute unlawful
 aid subject to paragraph 1, it shall ensure that the United Kingdom is
 kept fully and regularly informed of the progress and outcome of the
 examination of that measure.

 The European Commission and the independent authority referred to in
 Article 9 of Annex 4 shall establish the administrative arrangements
 necessary to the proper implementation of this Article and Part Four of
 Annex 4 respectively, and keep those arrangements under review.

 ARTICLE 13

 Other areas of North-South cooperation

 1. Consistent with the arrangements set out in Article 6(2) and Articles
 7 to 12 of this Protocol, and in full respect of Union law, this
 Protocol shall be implemented and applied so as to maintain the
 necessary conditions for continued North-South cooperation, including in
 the areas of environment, health, agriculture, transport, education and
 tourism, as well as in the areas of energy, telecommunications,
 broadcasting, inland fisheries, justice and security, higher education
 and sport.

 In full respect of Union law, the United Kingdom and Ireland may
 continue to make new arrangements that build on the provisions of the
 1998 Agreement in other areas of North-South cooperation on the island
 of Ireland.

 2. The Joint Committee shall keep under constant review the extent to
 which the implementation and application of this Protocol maintains the
 necessary conditions for North-South cooperation.

 The Joint Committee may make appropriate recommendations to the Union
 and the United Kingdom in this respect, including on recommendation from
 the Specialised Committee.

 ARTICLE 14

 Implementation, application, supervision and enforcement

 1. Without prejudice to paragraph 4, the authorities of the United
 Kingdom shall be responsible for implementing and applying the
 provisions of Union law made applicable by this Protocol to and in the
 United Kingdom in respect of Northern Ireland.

 2. Without prejudice to paragraph 4, Union representatives shall have
 the right to be present during and receive, upon request, all relevant
 information relating to any activities of the United Kingdom authorities
 related to the implementation and application of provisions of Union law
 made applicable by this Protocol. The United Kingdom shall facilitate
 that presence of Union representatives and provide them with the
 information requested. Where the Union representative requests the
 United Kingdom authorities to carry out control measures in individual
 cases for duly stated reasons, the United Kingdom authorities shall
 carry out those control measures.

 3. The practical working arrangements related to the exercise of the
 rights of Union representatives referred to in paragraph 2 shall be
 determined by the Joint Committee, upon proposal from the Specialised
 Committee.

 4. As regards Article 6(2), and Articles 8 to 12 of this Protocol, as
 well as Article 7(1) of Annex 4 to this Protocol in respect of measures
 of the Member States, the institutions, bodies, offices, and agencies of
 the Union shall in relation to the United Kingdom, and natural and legal
 persons residing or established in the territory of the United Kingdom,
 have the powers conferred upon them by Union law. In particular, the
 Court of Justice of the European Union shall have jurisdiction as
 provided for in the Treaties in this respect. The second and third
 subparagraphs of Article 267 TFEU shall apply to and in the United
 Kingdom in this respect.

 5. Acts of the institutions, bodies, offices, and agencies adopted in
 accordance with paragraph 4 shall produce in respect of and in the
 United Kingdom the same legal effects as those which they produce within
 the Union and its Member States.

 6. When representing or assisting a party in relation to administrative
 procedures arising from the exercise of the powers of the institutions,
 bodies, offices, and agencies of the Union referred to in paragraph 4,
 lawyers authorised to practise before the courts or tribunals of the
 United Kingdom shall in every respect be treated as lawyers authorised
 to practise before courts or tribunals of

 Member States who represent or assist a party in relation to such
 administrative procedures.

 7. In cases brought before the Court of Justice of the European Union
 pursuant to paragraph 4:

 (a) the United Kingdom may participate in the proceedings before the
 Court of Justice of the European Union in the same way as a Member
 State;

 (b) lawyers authorised to practise before the courts or tribunals of the
 United Kingdom may represent or assist a party before the Court of
 Justice of the European Union in such proceedings and shall in every
 respect be treated as lawyers authorised to practise before courts or
 tribunals of Member States representing or assisting a party before the
 Court of Justice of the European Union.

 ARTICLE 15

 Common provisions

 1. For the purposes of this Protocol, any reference to the United
 Kingdom in the applicable provisions of the Withdrawal Agreement shall
 be read as referring to the United Kingdom or the United Kingdom in
 respect of Northern Ireland, as the case may be.

 Notwithstanding any other provisions of this Protocol, any reference in
 the applicable provisions of the Withdrawal Agreement and of this
 Protocol, as well as in the provisions of Union law made applicable to
 and in the United Kingdom in respect of Northern Ireland by this
 Protocol, to the territory defined in Article 4 of Regulation (EU) No
 952/2013 shall be read as including the part of the territory of the
 United Kingdom to which Regulation (EU) No 952/2013 applies by virtue of

 Article 6(2) of this Protocol.

 For the purposes of the first subparagraph of Article 6(1), the term
 "customs territory" shall have the same meaning as in Article XXIV of
 the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade 1994.

 Titles I and III of Part Three, as well as Part Six shall apply without
 prejudice to the provisions of this Protocol.

 2. For the purposes of Article 6(1) of this Protocol:

 - "third country" shall mean a country or territory which does not
 belong to the customs territories referred to in Article 6(1) of this
 Protocol;

 - "part of the single customs territory" shall mean, on the one hand,
 the customs territory of the Union defined in Article 4 of Regulation
 (EU) No 952/2013 and, on the other hand, the United Kingdom customs
 territory.

 3. Notwithstanding Articles 4(4) and 4(5) of the Withdrawal Agreement,
 the provisions of this Protocol referring to Union law or concepts or
 provisions thereof shall in their implementation and application be
 interpreted in conformity with the relevant case law of the Court of
 Justice of the European Union.

 4. Notwithstanding Article 6(1) of the Withdrawal Agreement, and unless
 otherwise provided, where this Protocol makes reference to a Union act,
 the reference to that act shall be read as referring to it as amended or
 replaced.

 5. Where the Union adopts a new act that falls within the scope of this
 Protocol, but neither amends nor replaces a Union act listed in the
 Annexes to this Protocol, the Union shall inform the United Kingdom of
 this adoption in the Joint Committee. Upon request of the Union or the
 United Kingdom, the Joint Committee shall hold an exchange of views on
 the implications of the newly adopted act for the proper functioning of
 this Protocol within 6 weeks after the request.

 As soon as reasonably practical after the Union has informed the United
 Kingdom in the Joint Committee, the Joint Committee shall either:

 (a) adopt a decision adding the newly adopted act to the relevant Annex
 of this Protocol; or

 (b) where an agreement on adding the newly adopted act to the relevant
 Annex to this Protocol cannot be reached, examine all further
 possibilities to maintain the good functioning of this Protocol and take
 any decision necessary to this effect.

 If the Joint Committee has not taken a decision within a reasonable
 time, the Union shall be entitled, after giving notice to the United
 Kingdom, to take appropriate remedial measures. Such measures shall take
 effect at the earliest 6 months after the Union informed the United
 Kingdom in accordance with the first subparagraph, but in no event
 earlier than the date on which the newly adopted act is implemented in
 the Union.

 6. By way of derogation from paragraph 1 of this Article and from
 Article 7 of the Withdrawal Agreement, unless the Union considers that
 full or partial access by the United Kingdom or the United Kingdom in
 respect of Northern Ireland, as the case may be, is strictly necessary
 to enable the United Kingdom to comply with its obligations under this
 Protocol, including because access to the relevant information cannot be
 facilitated by the working group referred to in Article 17 of this
 Protocol or by any other practical means, the following shall apply: in
 respect of access to any network, information system, or database
 established on the basis of Union law, references to Member States and
 competent authorities of Member States in provisions of Union law made
 applicable by this Protocol shall not be read as including the United
 Kingdom or the United Kingdom in respect of Northern Ireland, as the
 case may be.

 7. Authorities of the United Kingdom shall not act as leading authority
 for risk assessments, examinations, approvals and authorisation
 procedures provided for in Union law made applicable by this Protocol.

 8. Articles 346 and 347 TFEU shall apply to this Protocol as regards
 measures taken by a Member State or by the United Kingdom in respect of
 Northern Ireland.

 ARTICLE 16

 Specialised Committee

 The Committee on issues related to the implementation of the Protocol on
 Ireland/Northern Ireland established by Article 165 of the Withdrawal
 Agreement ("Specialised Committee") shall:

 (a) facilitate the implementation and application of this Protocol;

 (b) examine proposals concerning the implementation and application of
 this Protocol from the North-South Ministerial Council and North-South
 Implementation bodies set up under the 1998 Agreement;

 (c) consider any matter of relevance to Article 4 of this Protocol
 brought to its attention by the Northern Ireland Human Rights
 Commission, the Equality Commission for Northern Ireland, and the Joint
 Committee of representatives of the Human Rights Commissions of Northern
 Ireland and Ireland;

 (d) discuss any point raised by the Union or the United Kingdom that is
 of relevance to this Protocol and gives rise to a difficulty; and

 (e) make recommendations to the Joint Committee as regards the
 functioning of this Protocol.

 ARTICLE 17

 Joint consultative working group

 1. A joint consultative working group on the implementation of the
 Protocol is hereby established. It shall serve as a forum for the
 exchange of information and mutual consultation.

 2. The working group shall be composed of representatives of the Union
 and the United Kingdom and shall carry out its functions under the
 supervision of the Specialised Committee, to which it shall report. The
 working group shall have no power to take binding decisions other than
 that referred to in paragraph 6.

 3. Within the working group:

 (a) the Union and the United Kingdom shall, in a timely manner, exchange
 information about planned, ongoing and final relevant implementation
 measures in relation to the Union acts listed in the Annexes to this
 Protocol;

 (b) the Union shall inform the United Kingdom about planned Union acts
 within the scope of this Protocol, including those amending or replacing
 the Union acts listed in the Annexes to this Protocol;

 (c) the Union shall provide to the United Kingdom all information the
 Union considers relevant to allow the United Kingdom to fully comply
 with its obligations under the Protocol; and

 (d) the United Kingdom shall provide to the Union all information that
 Member States provide to one another or the Union institutions, bodies,
 offices or agencies pursuant to the Union acts listed in the Annexes to
 this Protocol.

 4. The working group shall be co-chaired by the Union and the United
 Kingdom.

 5. The working group shall meet at least once a month, unless otherwise
 decided by the Union and the United Kingdom by mutual consent. Where
 necessary, information referred to in points (c)

 and (d) of paragraph 3 can be exchanged between meetings.

 6. The working group shall adopt its own rules of procedure by mutual
 consent.

 7. The Union shall ensure that all views expressed and information
 (including technical and scientific data) provided by the United Kingdom
 in the working group are communicated to the relevant Union
 institutions, bodies, offices and agencies without undue delay.

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